Thursday 13 Muḥarram 1444 - 11 August 2022
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Should he pay zakaah on the profits on goods even though he has not received them because they have been recorded as a debt owed by his partners?

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Publication : 05-08-2022

Views : 672

Question

I have a store and I have partners. At the end of the year, we worked out the profits, and I found out that my partners had borrowed from the shop a sum equal to my annual profits, hence I did not receive any money as profits, and it was recorded as a debt that they owe. How should I pay zakaah? Should I include the capital as well as the profits when giving zakaah?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly:

What is required in the case of zakaah on trade goods is to work out the value of the goods that are prepared for sale at the end of the hijri year. If their value reaches the minimum threshold (nisaab) by itself, or when added to cash, gold or silver, then one quarter of one tenth (2.5%) of the value must be given in zakaah.

If the shop is a partnership, then you must look at the share of each partner; if it reaches the minimum threshold by itself, or when added to the partner’s other wealth, then you must give zakaah.

You should not look at the total wealth of all the partners, according to the majority of scholars, as has been explained in the answer to question no. 147855 .

Secondly:

The trader must work out the value of the goods that have been prepared for sale, and add to them what he owns of cash in hand, and debts owed by people which he hopes will be repaid, then from the total of all that he should give one quarter of one tenth (2.5%).

Thus zakaah is based on the following equation:

The value of the things prepared for sale + cash in hand + debts which it is hoped will be repaid.

Based on that, you must give zakaah on the total debt that is owed by your partners, so long as it is a debt which you hope will be repaid.

As for debt owed by one who is in financial hardship or is taking too long to repay, no zakaah is to be paid on it until it is received, at which time zakaah is to be paid on it only once, according to the more correct view.

And Allah knows best.

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Source: Islam Q&A