Praise be to Allah.
We ask Allaah to reward you with good and help you to remember Him and be grateful to Him and to worship Him well.
Sponsoring orphans is very important in Islam. The Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) said: “I and the one who sponsors an orphan will be like this in Paradise,” and he gestured with his forefinger and middle finger. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6005) and Muslims (2983).
Ibn Battaal said:
It is the duty of every believer who hears this hadeeth to strive to follow it, so that he will be in Paradise with the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) and the company of Prophets and Messengers (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon them all), for there is no status in the Hereafter that is better before Allaah then the company of the Prophets. End quote.
Sharh Ibn Battaal (17/260)
The one who sponsors an orphan is the one who brings him up and takes care of his affairs with regard to maintenance, clothing, discipline, education and so on. It is not only the one who spends on him; rather spending on him is just part of sponsoring him, it is just one aspect thereof.
Al-Haafiz said in al-Fath: Sponsoring an orphan means looking after his affairs and taking care of his interests.
Ibn ‘Allaan said:
That means maintenance, clothing, education, discipline and so on. It says in Sharh Muslim: This virtue is attained by the one who sponsors the orphan from his own wealth or from the orphan's wealth, acting as a legitimate guardian. End quote.
Daleel al-Faaliheen (2/366)
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:
Sponsoring an orphan means taking care of his religious and worldly affairs, giving him an upbringing, guidance, education and so on that he grows up following the teachings of Islam and taking care of his worldly affairs by giving him food, drink and accommodation. End quote.
Sharh Riyadh al-Saaliheen, p. 311
If a person is spending on an orphan then something happens to prevent him spending on him, but he was determined to continue spending on him if this thing had not happened, then there is the hope that he will still attain the reward of charity, for the bounty of Allaah is vast.
Al-Bukhaari (4423) and Muslim (1911) narrated from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) returned from the campaign of Tabook and drew close to Madeenah. He said: “In Madeenah there are men and you have not covered any distance or crossed any valley but they were with you.” They said: O Messenger of Allaah, even though they were in Madeenah? He said: “They were in Madeenah, but they were held back by sickness.”
This hadeeth points to the virtue of intending to do good, and indicates that if a person intends to go out on jihad or do some other act of worship, then something happens to him that prevents him from doing it, he will attain the reward of his intention. End quote.
What is meant by the excuse is that which is more general in meaning them sickness and inability to travel. End quote.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
This and similar reports indicate that if a person has a valid excuse, there will be decreed for him a reward like that of the one who is healthy, if it was his intention to do it and he did as much as he was able to. End quote.
Iqaamat al-Daleel ‘ala Ibtaal al-Tahleel, 2/437
He also said:
If a person intends to do good and does as much as he can of it but is unable to complete it, he will have the reward of the one who does it. End quote.
Iqaamat al-Daleel ‘ala Ibtaal al-Tahleel, 5/463.
Ibn al-Qayyim said:
The basic principle of sharee’ah is that if complete resolve is accompanied by whatever a person can do of action or first steps towards action, then that person will have reward equal to that of one who does the complete action. End quote.
Tareeq al-Hijratayn, p. 532
We ask Allaah to bless you and your wealth and to accept (your good deeds) from you.
And Allaah knows best.