In regard Jumu'ah prayers, what is the
minimum number of people required to pray in congregation behind the imam. I have heard
different opinions ion reference to this such as some brothers have told me that a minimum
of 40 people are required while others have said 2. Adifferent source has also said that
only 2 people can constitute to a congregation for jumu'ah prayers. Can you please clarify
this question for me.
Praise be to Allaah.
The Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas was asked the
What is the number of men required for Jumuah prayer to be valid?
Some people say that it is not valid with less than forty men, and if there is one less
than that, they should pray Zuhr.
Answer: Establishing Jumuah prayers is obligatory (waajib) upon
the Muslims in their villages on Fridays, and it is necessary for there to be a
jamaaah (congregation) in order for the Jumuah prayer to be valid. There is no
proven evidence (daleel) which states that a specific number is required; for the prayer
to be valid it is sufficient for there to be three or more people. It is not permissible
for a person who is obliged to pray Jumuah to pray Zuhr in its place when there are
less than forty people present according to the correct scholarly view. And Allaah
is the source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and
companions, and grant them peace.