Praise be to Allaah.
is the kaboos (incubus, evil spirit, nightmare) that descends upon a
person in his sleep.
or al-Jathoom is the kaboos that descends upon a person at night… the one
that descends upon a person when he is sleeping is called al-jathoom.
is the one that descends upon the sleeper at night. And it was said that it
is the precursor to epilepsy. One of the linguists said: I do not think that
it is an Arabic word; rather it is al-naydalaan; it is also known as
al-barook or al-jathoom.
“jathoom” may be caused by a physical reason, such as eating too much or
taking too much medicine, or it may be due to being overpowered by the jinn.
The former may be treated by cupping and reducing the intake of food etc.
The latter may be treated by means of the Qur’aan and reciting dhikrs that
are prescribed in Islam.
said in his medical book al-Qanoon:
It is also
called al-khaaniq (the strangler), and in Arabic it is also called
al-jathoom and al-naydalaan.
a disease that a person feels when he is falling asleep and imagines
something heavy pressing upon him, squeezing him and constricting his
breathing, hence he cannot speak or move, and he is almost suffocated
because of the obstruction of his airway. When it goes away, he wakes up
immediately. This is the precursor to one of three things: epilepsy,
apoplexy or mania. That applies if it is due to physical causes and there is
no other non-physical cause. End quote.
doctors say likewise. Dr. Hassaan Shamsi Basha has divided kaboos into two
categories: temporary kaboos and recurrent kaboos; he regards the former as
being due to physical causes and the latter as being due to the effect of
He says in
his book al-Nawm wa’l-Araq wa’l-Ahlaam (sleep, insomnia and dreams):
This happens for two reasons:
Vapours that rise to the brain
through the breathing channels when first falling asleep, so the person
afflicted feels that he cannot move or speak, or he feels a kind of panic.
This is the precursor of a physical epileptic seizure, and it also happens
when one is exposed to psychological pressures.
Administration of medicines
that can cause kaboos such as:
After stopping the use of
tranquillizers such as valium.
Recurrent kaboos. This kind of
kaboos indicates that a person has been harmed by evil spirits. End quote.
refers to kaboos, which is not a myth or fable, rather it is something real
that does happen; it may be caused by physical factors or it may be caused
by the jinn.