Praise be to Allaah.
The Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) has been described as being light from the light of Allaah. If what is meant
by this is that he himself is from the light of Allaah, then this goes against the
Qur’aan, which refers to his being human. If what is meant is that he is light in the
sense that he brought the Revelation by which whoever Allah wills of His creation is
guided, then this is correct. The committee has issued a fatwa concerning this matter, as
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has
light which is the light of the message and guidance from Allaah, through which Allaah
guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. No doubt the light of the message and of guidance
comes from Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
‘It is not given to any human being that Allaah should speak to
him unless (it be)by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to
reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise.
And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad) Roohan (an Inspiration, and a
Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made
it (this Qur’aan) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And
verily, you (O Muhammad) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e.,
Allaah’s religion of Islamic monotheism), --
The path of Allaah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all
that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allaah (for
This light is not derived from the Seal of the Awliya’ as some
heretics claim. The body of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was
blood and flesh and bone, and so on. He was created from a father and a mother, and had no
existence before he was born. The reports which say that the first thing created by Allaah
was the light of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or that Allaah
grasped a handful of the light from His Face and that this handful was Muhammad
and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then He looked at it and it formed drops, and from
each of these drops He created a Prophet, or He created all of creation from the light of
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) – all of these reports and
the like are not saheeh (authentic), and nothing like this has been narrated from the Prophet
and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”
From the fatwa quoted above, it is clear that this is a false belief.
As for the report which says “I am ‘Arab without (the
letter) ‘ayn, i.e., Rabb, and I am Ahmad without (the letter) meem,
i.e., Ahad” – the attributes of Lordship (ruboobiyah, from Rabb
meaning Lord) and Absolute Unity (Ahad meaning One) are attributes that belong
uniquely to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. It is not permissible for any one of
His creation to be described as “the Lord (Rabb)” or as being One (Ahad)
in absolute terms. These are attributes that belong exclusively to Allaah, and are not
used to describe the Messengers or any other human beings. May Allaah bless our Prophet
Muhammad and his family and companions.
Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah
wa’l-Ifta’ (Standing Committee for Academic Research and the Issuing of Fatwas).
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/310.
Is it said that Allaah created the heavens and earth for the purpose of
creating the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? What is the meaning of
the words, “Were it not for you, the universe [lit. heavenly bodies] would not have
been created”? Is there any basis for this hadeeth (prophetic narration)? Is it saheeh (authentic) or not? Please give
us the facts.
The heavens and earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). They were created for the reason mentioned by
Allaah in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
“It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth
the like thereof (i.e., seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth),
that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds
(comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.” [al-Talaaq 65:12]
As for the hadeeth mentioned, it is falsely attributed to the
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and has no grounds for authenticity.
May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/312.