Praise be to Allaah.
The question of acting and related issues has already been
dealt with in Question no.
10836. We may add
Shaykh Abu Bakr Zayd (may Allaah preserve him) said: chivalry
[i.e., behaving in a proper and decent manner] is one of the aims of
sharee’ah, and anything that undermines that renders a person unfit to give
testimony in court. Islam enjoins the loftiest characteristics and forbids
base and vile characteristics. How often do viewers see an actor doing silly
actions or moving or speaking in a silly manner, or even playing the role of
a madman, idiot or fool. Based on this, it is clear to the wise man that
acting is one of the things that most undermine chivalry, so it is one of
the things that render a person unfit to give testimony in court. Anything
that is like that is not approved of in sharee’ah.
See al-Muru’ah wa Khawaarimuhaa, p. 221, by Mashhoor
Marrying a young girl before she reaches the age of
adolescence is permitted in sharee’ah; indeed it was narrated that there was
scholarly consensus on this point.
Allaah says (interpretation of
“And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly
courses, for them the ‘Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubt (about
their periods), is three months; and for those who have no courses [(i.e.
they are still immature) their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is three months
In this verse we see that Allaah has made the ‘iddah in the
case of divorce of a girl who does not have periods – because she is young
and has not yet reached puberty – three months. This clearly indicates that
Allaah has made this a valid marriage.
It was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah
(may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) married her when she was six years old, he
consummated the marriage with her when she was nine and she stayed with him
for nine years.
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4840; Muslim, 1422)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
married ‘Aa’ishah when she was six years old and consummated the marriage
when she was nine.”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim; Muslim says ‘seven
The fact that it is permissible to marry a young girl does
not mean that it is permissible to have intercourse with her; rather that
should not be done until she is able for it. For that reason the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delayed the consummation of
his marriage to ‘Aa’ishah. Al-Nawawi said: With regard to the wedding-party
of a young married girl at the time of consummating the marriage, if the
husband and the guardian of the girl agree upon something that will not
cause harm to the young girl, then that may be done. If they disagree, then
Ahmad and Abu ‘Ubayd say that one a girl reaches the age of nine then the
marriage may be consummated even without her consent, but that does not
apply in the case of who is younger. Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Abu Haneefah
said: the marriage may be consummated when the girl is able for intercourse,
which varies from one girl to another, so no age limit can be set. This is
the correct view. There is nothing in the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah to set an age
limit, or to forbid that in the case of a girl who is able for it before the
age of nine, or to allow it in the case of a girl who is not able for it and
has reached the age of nine. Al-Dawoodi said: ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be
pleased with her) was reached physical maturity (at the time when her
marriage was consummated).
Sharh Muslim, 9/206
It is preferable for a guardian not to marry off his daughter
when she is still young unless there is a valid reason for that.
It should be noted that al-Shaafa’i and his companions said:
It is preferable for fathers and grandfathers not to marry off a virgin
until she reaches the age of puberty and they ask her permission, lest she
end up in a marriage that she dislikes. What they said does not go against
the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, because what they meant is that they should not
marry her off before she reaches puberty if there is no obvious interest to
be served that they fear will be missed out on if they delay it, as in the
hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah. In that case it is preferable to go ahead with the
marriage because the father is enjoined to take care of his child’s
interests and not to let a good opportunity slip away.
And Allaah knows best.