Praise be to Allaah.
Anger is of three types:
1 – when anger is so intense that are person is no longer
aware of what he is doing or saying, and becomes like one who is insane or
mad. In this case the talaaq (divorce) does not count, according to all the
scholars, because he is like one who is insane and mad, who has lost all
power of reason.
2 – when his anger is intense but he understands what he is
saying and doing, but his anger is intense and he cannot control himself
because the argument trading of insults or fighting has gone on too long, so
his anger may be intense because of that. In this case there is a difference
of opinion among the scholars, but the most correct view is that divorce
does not count in this case either, because the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no divorce and no freeing
of slaves when it is done by force or in a state of intense anger.”
(Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 2046; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’,
3 – mild anger, which is what happens when the husband is
upset with his wife, or he is disappointed about something that his wife has
done, but it is not so intense that it makes him lose his power of reasoning
or self-control. Rather it is the ordinary kind of anger and is mild. In
this case the divorce is valid according to the all the scholars.
This is the correct answer regarding divorce uttered in
anger, as was stated by Ibn Taymiyah and Ibn al-Qayyim, may Allaah have
mercy on them.
And Allaah knows best. May Allaah send blessings and peace
upon our Prophet Muhammad.
Fataawa al-Talaaq by Shaykh Ibn Baaz, pp. 15-27