Praise be to Allaah.
Building mosques and helping in that is one of the greatest
of acts of worship before Allah. Participating with others in building these
mosques is the kind of cooperation in righteousness and piety that is
prescribed in Islam.
See the answer to question no.
If that is in a Western country or any other non-Muslim
country, then it is even more important to cooperate in doing that, because
the Muslims there are in great need of that and because it makes it easier
for the people living there to do acts of worship and encourages people to
adhere to the rituals of Islam. And that also often plays a role in bringing
non-believers to the faith. So the Muslims there should cooperate in such
matters, so that their religion will become manifest among non-Muslims.
There is nothing wrong with asking for charity to build a mosque or other
things that the Muslims need, whether they ask in the mosques or in the
marketplaces or any other place where people gather.
It was narrated from Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) went out on (Eid) al-Adha or al-Fitr to the prayer place, and
when he had finished praying he exhorted the people and instructed them to
give charity, saying: O people, give charity. Then he went to the women and
said: O women, give charity… Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1462
But that request for charity should be done without
embarrassing others or putting pressure on them. Rather the teaching of the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in such matters is to
call on the people and encourage them to give in general terms, explaining
to them the virtue of participating in that and hastening to do it. Then
they should be left to decide what to do. There is nothing wrong with one of
the people in charge of that making a special request to someone who he has
ties with but, as we said, that should be done without embarrassing him or
putting pressure on him or causing any hardship.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: We
have a charitable fund for the mosque and there is a man who is allocated to
looking after this fund; he takes the collection box around the rows of
worshippers before the prayer begins, especially on Fridays. What is the
ruling on doing this, especially since some of the worshippers feel somewhat
He replied: It depends, because what is meant is that he is
asking of the worshippers and that may embarrass or annoy them. If he
refrains from going around among them and asking them to put some money in
this box for the mosque, that would be better. Otherwise the matter is broad
in scope. If the imam says: The mosque needs your help, there is nothing
wrong with that, because this is a charitable project. But taking the box
around among their rows may cause some annoyance or embarrassment. So what
I think is that it is better not to do that and just to announce that this
box is for the mosque and whoever wants to may put something in it. You
should not take it around among them or annoy them by doing so. This is more
on the safe side and is a sounder practice.
And Allah knows best.