Praise be to Allaah.
are unanimously agreed that the father is not obliged to spend on his adult
son if he is able to earn a living. For more information please see the
answer to question no. 13464
spending on an adult son who is able to earn a living is not obligatory for
the father, it is permissible for the son to take zakaah as much as will
suffice his needs, even if he is a student of non-religious knowledge (as
opposed to Islamic knowledge). For more information please see the answer to
question no. 95418.
In this case
there is nothing wrong with delegating his father to take it on his behalf,
then give it to him to help him complete his studies.
for it being permissible to take zakaah is if the student of non-religious
knowledge is not able to combine work and study, or if combining them will
affect his ability to study. In that case there is nothing wrong with him
taking zakaah money as much as will suffice his needs. But if he is able to
combine them both without suffering any harm, then it is not permissible for
him to take zakaah money, because of the report narrated by Hishaam from his
father from ‘Ubaydullah ibn ‘Adiyy who said: Two men told me that they came
to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) during the
Farewell Pilgrimage to ask him for charity. The Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) looked them up and down and saw
that they were healthy young men. He said: If you wish I will give you some,
but there is no share of it for one who is independent of means or one who
is strong and able to earn a living.” Narrated by Imam Ahmad, 21985; Abu
Dawood, 1633; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him)
in Saheeh Abi Dawood, no. 1443
There is no
doubt that it is better and is preferable for his father to help him from
his own wealth or for him to strive to combine work and study as much as he
can, so as to avoid going against those scholars who said that this is not
allowed and so as to refrain from taking what is in people’s hands, because
the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The upper hand
(the one that gives) is better than the lower hand (the one that receives).”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1429; Muslim, 1715
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said concerning zakaah wealth:
“It is the dregs of the people.” Narrated by Muslim, 1784
narrated from al-Miqdaam (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger
of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “No one ever eats
any food better than that which he earns with the work of his own hand. The
Prophet of Allah Dawood (peace be upon him) used to eat from that which he
earned with his own hand.
narrated from Rifaa‘ah ibn Raafi‘ (may Allah be pleased with him) that the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was asked: Which earning
is best? He said: “(That which earned) by the work of a man’s own hand and
every honest transaction.” Narrated by Imam Ahmad, 16628; al-Bazzaar, 3731.
Classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) in
as-Silsilah as-Saheehah, 2/106
And Allah knows best.