be to Allah.
Singling out a
particular time for remembering Allah or sending blessings upon the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) may take one of the following two
Doing it thinking
that there is some virtue in doing acts of worship at this particular
time. This is not prescribed except in cases where it is proven that
singling out this time is prescribed in Islam.
Doing acts of
worship at this time but not because one thinks that there is any
particular virtue in doing it at this time; rather the time is singled out
because one is free and has energy, and so on. There is nothing wrong with
this. The earlier and later generations always set out times for studying,
reviewing, memorising and teaching according to what suited their
situation and the situation of those who were learning from them. This is
what people usually do when choosing and singling out times. But there are
some followers of innovation who choose a particular time, or a particular
number of times to repeat (a word or action), or a particular way of doing
something that is not prescribed in Islam. The scholars regard this as a
kind of innovation.
Allah have mercy on him) said: Innovation (bid‘ah) is a word that refers to
a way (of worship) that has been introduced into Islam; it may appear
similar to what is prescribed in sharee‘ah (Islamic law) and the aim of
doing it is to show extra devotion in worshipping Allah… that includes
adhering to certain ways and manners (of worship), such as reciting dhikr in
unison, taking the day of the Prophet’s birth as a festival, and so on.
It also includes
adhering to specific acts of worship at specific times that are not
prescribed in sharee‘ah, such as always fasting on the fifteenth of Sha‘ban
(an-nisf min Sha‘baan) and spending that night in prayer. End quote from al-I‘tisam.
The times that it
is prescribed in Islam to single out for dhikr include the period between
Fajr (early morning) prayer and sunrise, and the period between ‘Asr and
sunset, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the
“and glorify the
praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting”
“And remember your
Lord by your tongue and within yourself, humbly and with fear without
loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons” [7:205].
The word translated
here as afternoon refers to the period between ‘Asr and Maghrib.
And Allah, may He
be glorified, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So glorify Allah
(above all that (evil) they associate with Him (O believers)), when you come
up to the evening (i.e. offer the (Maghrib) sunset and (‘Isha) night
prayers), and when you enter the morning (i.e., offer the (Fajr) morning
And His is all the
praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify Him) in the
afternoon (i.e,. offer ‘Asr prayer) and when you come up to the time, when
the day begins to decline (i.e., offer Zuhr/noon prayer)” [30:17-18].
from Jabir ibn Samurah that when the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) had prayed Fajr, he would sit in the place where he had prayed
until the sun had risen properly.
narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The
Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever
prays Fajr in congregation then sits remembering Allah until the sun has
risen, then prays two rak‘ahs (units of prayer), will have a reward like
that of Hajj and ‘Umrah (major and minor pilgrimage).” The Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Complete, complete,
Ibn al-Qayyim (may
Allah have mercy on him) said: Chapter on remembering Allah (dhikr) at the
two ends of the day (as mentioned in 11:114), which are the times between
Fajr and sunrise, and between ‘Asr and Maghrib. Allah, may He be glorified
and exalted, says (what means): “O you who believe! Remember Allah with much
remembrance. And glorify His praises morning and afternoon” [33:41-42]. The
“afternoon”: al-Jawhari said: This is the time after ‘Asr until Maghrib. And
Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “and glorify
the praises of your Lord in the ‘ashiy (i.e. the time period after the
mid-noon till sunset) and in the ibkar (i.e. the time period from early
morning or sunrise till before mid-noon)” [40:55]. The ibkar is the
beginning of the day and the ‘ashiy is the end of the day. And Allah, may He
be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “and glorify the praises
of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting” [20:130].
This interpretation is what is mentioned in the hadeeths (reports) about
saying such and such in the morning and evening. What is meant is before the
sun rises and before it sets. Therefore, the time for these adhkar is after
Fajr and after ‘Asr. End quote from al-Wabil as-Sayyib.
Some scholars are
of the view that the time for the afternoon or evening adhkar extends until
‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The author (may
Allah have mercy on him) said: Chapter on dhikr in the morning and the
What he meant by
morning and evening was at the beginning of the day, and at the end of the
day and the beginning of the night. The morning begins when dawn breaks and
ends when the sun has risen at the forenoon. And the evening begins with
‘Asr prayer and ends with ‘Isha prayer or thereabouts. End quote from Sharh
Another time at
which it is mustahab (desirable) to remember Allah (dhikr) and offer
supplication (du‘a) is the last hour of Friday, because of the hadeeth of
Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger
of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The day of Friday
has twelve hours, in which there is no Muslim slave who asks Allah for
anything but He will grant it to him, so seek it in the last hour after ‘Asr.”
[Abu Dawood and an-Nasaa’i]
We have not found
anything about the virtue of the time between Jumu‘ah and ‘Asr prayer. Based
on that it may be said that there is nothing wrong with singling out this
time for dhikr, so long as that is not based on a belief that there is any
particular virtue in this time; rather it is because it is when one has the
time or energy.
With regard to the
time between Maghrib and ‘Isha’, this is the time for the evening adhkar
according to some scholars, as stated above. Others said that it is mustahab
to offer nafil (voluntary) acts of worship in general at this time, as was
stated by Qatadah and ‘Ikrimah. See: al-Bahr al-Muheet by Abu Hayyaan.