Praise be to Allaah.
If what is meant is
voluntary sadaqah, there is nothing wrong with giving it to your sisters and
contributing it to household expenses, because sadaqah is broad in scope.
But if what is meant is
obligatory charity, i.e., zakaah, then the matter is subject to further
Firstly, it is permissible
to give charity to your brothers and sisters, if they are poor and you are
not obliged to spend on them because you will not inherit from them, or
because you cannot afford to spend on their maintenance.
It is also permissible to
give zakaah to them if they have debts, whether you are obliged to spend on
them or not, because paying off debts is not obligatory for the one who is
obliged to spend on another person’s maintenance.
Shaykh Muhammad Saalih
al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about giving zakaah
to one’s brother and sister.
If giving zakaah to him
means that your duty towards him will be waived, such as if it is obligatory
for you to spend on his maintenance, but you give him zakaah so that you
save your money and do not spend on him, then this is not permissible,
because zakaah cannot be paid to protect wealth. But if it does not mean
that your duty towards him will be waived, such as if it is not obligatory
for you to spend on his maintenance, because you will not inherit from him,
or because you cannot afford to spend on him as well as your own family, or
you are giving him money to pay off a debt that he owes but cannot pay off,
then it is permissible for you to give your zakaah to him, rather it is
preferable for you to give it to him rather than anyone else, because giving
to him is both an act of charity and upholding the ties of kinship. End
quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (18/422, 423).
See also the answer to
question no. 50739.
It is permissible to give
zakaah to students of sharee’ah who are devoting all their time to that,
because this study is a kind of jihad, so it comes under the heading of “in
Allaah’s cause” or for the sake of Allaah.
As for students of worldly
sciences and branches of knowledge, that does not come under the heading of
“in Allaah’s cause” or for the sake of Allaah, but they may be given zakaah
because of poverty or need, for example if a student does not have enough
money to cover the expenses of study on which his finding the work or job
that he needs depends. He may also be given zakaah to pay off his debts,
such as if he owes money to the university; in that case he may be given
enough to pay off his debts.
For more information,
please see the answers to questions no.
It is not permissible to
give zakaah towards household expenses.
But if we assume that your
husband is poor and is entitled to zakaah, then you may give your zakaah to him then he may spend it as he sees fit, and if he spends it on the household there is nothing wrong with that.
And Allaah knows best.