Praise be to Allah.
that contain magic and fantasy involves things concerning which there are
They are spreading
acts of sihr (witchcraft) and kufr, to the extent that they become like
ordinary behaviour in civilized societies; in fact they depict such things
as essential skills for individuals and societies that can be learned. They
often depict the magician as a good and decent man who does good and spreads
good among the people, and this is the most dangerous aspect of the matter;
where something evil is presented as something good, where one no longer
objects to it in one’s heart and no longer feels that magic and its
practitioners are something abhorrent, and one no longer thinks of the
seriousness of the sin involved before Allah. So how about when such stories
become widespread and children and youngsters turn to them?
outcomes have recently led many western education specialists to warn
against the spread of magic stories in their societies, and many schools
have banned these books from their libraries. There have been discussions
about them in parliamentary debates in Britain, after they discovered some
of the dangers that may result from their becoming widespread among people.
In most cases,
these stories teach their readers about types of magic and sorcery and
depict to them some of the secrets of magic,that make it easy for any reader
to apply them and indulge in them. This also poses a great danger, because
it may lead the reader to try to put into practice what he has read. It is
not just the matter of reading a story for fun; rather there is the fear
that some of these stories may influence their readers so they may be
bewitched or harmed because of reading these incomprehensible words in these
should beware of allowing their children to read these stories, and
societies should put a stop to the spread of this aspect of culture; they
should focus instead on things that are important and beneficial in terms of
science, arts and literature.
In Fatawa Noor
‘ala al-Darb by Shaykh Ibn Baz it says:
I hope that you
can explain the prohibition on using and reading books of magic and
astrology, because there are many such books, and some of my friends want to
buy them, and they say that if they are not used for harmful purposes, there
is nothing wrong with it. Please advise us, may Allah bless you.
The answer was:
In the name of
Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, and
blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family and
Companions, and those who follow him sincerely …
questioner says is correct. The Muslims should beware of books of magic and
astrology, and those who find them should destroy them, because they are
harmful to the Muslim and cause him to fall into shirk (polytheism). The
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever learns a
branch of astrology has learned a branch of magic ... And Allah says in His
Book about the two angels (interpretation of the meaning):
“… but neither of
these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, ‘We are
for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).’” [2:102]
that learning magic and practising it is kufr (disbelief). So the Muslim
must oppose books which teach magic and astrology, and destroy them wherever
This is what is
required. It is not permissible for a seeker of knowledge or anyone else to
read them or learn what is in them. People other than seekers of knowledge
also have no right to read them or learn what is in them, or to approve of
them, because they lead to disbelief in Allah. What is required is to
destroy them wherever they are. And the same applies to all books that teach
magic and astrology - they must be destroyed. End quote.
To sum up: Just
reading these stories is not kufr that puts one beyond the pale of Islam, so
long as that is not done with the aim of learning magic and practising it.
However, what is required is to warn against reading books of magic in
general and to strive to destroy them if possible, and to beware of reading
them or distributing them.
See also the
answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.