If a person asks to adopt a child from the orphanage, is it permitted for those in charge to give him what he wants?
Praise be to
Adoption of children is of two types, forbidden and not forbidden.
The forbidden type means adopting a child in the sense
that the child is considered to be the child of the adopting parent
and subject to the rulings on children. This is not permitted. Allaah
nullified it in the Qur’aan when He said (interpretation of the meaning):
“…nor has He made your adopted sons
your real sons…”
The kind which is prescribed
and may be mustahabb means being kind towards the child and giving him
a righteous religious upbringing and sound direction, teaching him that
which will benefit him in this world and the next. But it is not permitted
to hand a child over except to one who is known to be trustworthy, religiously-committed
and of good character, who will take care of the child’s interests.
He should also be a local resident, so that he will not take the child
away to a country where his presence may be a cause for his religious
commitment being lost in the future. If these conditions are met in
the case of both the child and the adopting parent, then it is OK to
hand over a foundling whose parentage is not known. May Allaah preserve you
From Fataawa Samaahat al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him)